The stinging nettle plant has tiny little needle-like projections all over the leaves and stems. Flowering is inhibited by drought and shade. It grows best in USDA hardiness zones 3 to 10. nettles in bloom. How do nettles sting? The Gympie-Gympie is one of 4 species of stinging trees in Australia and has possibly the most painful sting of any plant in Australia. Urtica dioica are known as stinging nettles because the plants' stems and leaves are covered in hairs that burn the skin when touched. But it's tolerant of many soil types and pH levels. The can also be cooked like spinach and are best in the spring while they are still tender. No one likes their sting of course, which comes from the fine hairs on their leaves. Once cooked, the sting is dissipated and it can be eaten like any leafy green. Stinging Nettles contain a lot of minerals and vitamins. The seedlings can be transplanted in early spring and should be started approximately six weeks prior to transplant. Urtica means "burn" and the stinging or burning sensation is caused by acids and proteins in the nettle plant's hairs. What look like short hairs on stinging nettle’s leaves and stems are actually needle-like barbs that can inject you with a mix of chemicals, even if you simply brush up against them. They include: David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. The stem and leaves are covered with tiny hollow needles filled with formic acid. Connect With Us! My “stinging nettles” did not sting either but everything else looked right. Whilst the sting doesn’t hurt as such, they are damn annoying! When harvested with care, stinging nettles are easy to forage and well worth the effort. You'll only find stinging nettle sold in tea form, and is fairly common in health food stores. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Nettles generally appear in the same locations every year. Stinging nettle is native to temperate parts of Europe, Asia, and western North Africa. 02 of 06 Stinging nettle is used for diabetes and osteoarthritis. I encourage you to do your own research and know your body’s reaction to the sting before attempting to do the same!!) Learn about the benefits, side effects, and research around stinging nettle here. You may harvest nettles from the time the new leaves emerge from the ground until late fall after the flowers have gone to seed but before the rains begin to rot the stems (while they still maintain their green color and have leaves attached). No need to register, buy now! Seriously! Flowering time: July–September. Nettles are also a wonderful source of protein. Stinging nettle flowers. Foraging stinging nettles can be a bit intimidating, they sting after all! Share on Facebook; Share on Twitter; Share on Pinterest ; Share on Whatsapp; Share on Blogger; Email to a friend; Nettles have a bad reputation among gardeners. Once they flower, the plants tend to … Stinging nettles cannot swoop in on you and deliver a burning sting, as yellow jackets can. On the flip side, butterflies and moths like to lay their eggs on nettle plants. Ecology and other notes. Perennial growing to 100cm. During medieval times it was used as a diuretic, to treat joint pain, and muscle pain. Urtica dioica are known as stinging nettles because the plants' stems and leaves are covered in hairs that burn the skin when touched. Here in the Pacific Northwest, they start growing as early as January, up through the snow. Put stinging nettles to productive use, with the help of our feature. It reproduces from wind-blown seeds and the root rhizomes that will continue to spread in the garden bed. First, let’s examine the delicate flowers. Stinging nettle has a long and diverse history of use for food, medicine, cordage, and dye. In this video we find out what really happens when you get stung by a stinging nettle. I think stinging nettles are a much misunderstood weed and I love to explain to visitors their many benefits. This will smother any new plants that try to grow. Method 1 of 2: Identifying Stinging Nettle. Stinging or common nettles (Urtica dioica) are widespread across the U.K.They can be found in woodlands, hedgerows, gardens and disturbed ground. There are a variety of symptoms of stinging nettle toxicity, including: The symptoms generally arise within 12 to 24 hours. Monday, 22 April, 2019 at 6:55 am . Stinging nettles are an herbaceous, fast growing plant with leaves as well as stems, which are covered with tiny, hollow silica tipped hairs and can grow to about 4 feet (1 m.) tall. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. The plant usually grows between two to four feet high and blooms from June to September. What is the best time to forage for nettles? It can also be categorized as a noxious weed. Shakespeare's Hotspur urges that "out of this nettle, danger, we pluck this flower, safety" (Henry IV, part 1, Act II Scene 3). It gets its name from the myriad of spines that cover foliage and stems. But it has since made its way around the world. Harvest them in the early spring, before they flower. The earliest way to start nettle, in a grow season, is by starting seeds indoors. Nettles are best eaten when tender so early to mid spring is when they’re at their seasonal best. Growth cycle – Stinging nettle emerges as soon as the ground thaws in late winter or early spring. Do not confuse these plants with dead nettle (Lamium maculatum), a harmless perennial plant used in shade gardens. Furthermore, to make sure new shoots don’t spring up, you can cover the site with a tarp or piece of cardboard for at least one full growing season. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. Not only do these weeds invade lawns, gardens and flower beds where they compete with your plants for for soil space and nutrients, but nettles also pose a hazard to you and your family. Stinging nettle seeds need to be kept moist to germinate, which takes 10-14 days on average. This plant has fine toothed, tapered, somewhat heart-shaped leaves that are 3-15 cm. Many mild cases can be treated at home by cleaning the affected area with soap and water to wash away the chemicals and then using a piece of tape to try to pull any remaining barbs out of the skin. A Persistent and Useful Weed Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) originated in Europe but now grows on every continent … Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height. What part of Stinging Nettle do I harvest? In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll stin… Urtica dioica, U.urens and U.incise are the three most common forms of stinging nettle. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. The leaves can be used for teas, pesto, soup and as a vegetable. They are a host plant for butterfly larvae like the Small Tortoiseshell and Peacock Butterflies. Severe cases can be life-threatening. Rubbing the stings with stinging nettle root or jewelweed has been used to suppress the itch/burning sensation. If you do happen to get stung during your foragings, this plantain salve recipe is a must. Identification, health, Soak the stinging nettles in plenty of cold water. Stinging nettle is a plant. The other thing you can do, is cut off the flower/seed heads as they form. While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. That said, I’ll give you some quick, general guidelines… Choosing the plants. In fact, there are no visible petals. (This post was contributed by Melissa Keyser) A long time ago, I flipped through a book about ancient medicine. Stinging nettle is a large, rhizomatous perennial wild edible plant that can grow quite tall. A full sized stinging nettle plant may be 3-10 feet (0.9-3 m.) tall, on occasion even reaching up to 20 feet (6 m.) in height. Moreover, while all parts of the nettle plant are edible, the leaves and stems can’t be eaten straight from the plant due to the barbs. In most cases, the symptoms are only mildly to moderately uncomfortable. The plant grows in height from 20 inches (50.8 cm) to about 50 inches, and the leaves grow to be about 16 inches (41 cm) long. Never mind worrying about pests and disease. Stinging nettles are great wildlife attractors: caterpillars of the small tortoiseshell and peacock butterflies use them as foodplants; ladybirds feast on the aphids that shelter among them; and seed-eating birds enjoy their autumn spoils. Stinging Nettle Identification and Harvest. There are many amazing and unique ways to use nettle. Many people opt to grow this plant for culinary and medicinal uses, as it’s high in several vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients. You also can use anti-itch creams as well as antihistamines and anti-inflammatories, as directed by your doctor. Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. Freshly harvested spring stinging nettle. The best way to prevent a stinging nettle rash is to avoid stinging nettles touching the skin. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. And because of its ability to spread vigorously, it’s considered an invasive species in parts of North America. Check the terminal (top) bud for signs of an inhabitant before harvesting. It’s a very hardy plant and can easily creep around your garden via self-seeding and underground stems that send up new shoots. Due to its ability to form patches and crowd out native plants that grow in its environment, it’s considered an invasive species. Rinse and drain. Like almost all wind-pollinated flowers, those of stinging nettles are quite small and not at all showy. Nettles are hardy perennials that form large clumps up to 1.2m (4ft) in height. Pick only the tenderest, youngest leaves. But stinging nettles have their uses and benefits and if you have a large enough garden it is well worth having a patch. These “hairs” are hollow and act like mini hypodermic needles that inject a shot of formic acid, histamine, and other substances that can irritate your skin. CLOSE. Flower spikes that bear small greenish blooms in clusters appear in the spring or summer. The figure of speech "to grasp the nettle" probably originated from Aesop's fable "The Boy and the Nettle". Stinging nettle is a plant that grows in North America, Europe, and Africa. Stinging nettle, or urtica dioica, is a perennial flowering plant that has been used medicinally for ages, dating back as far as Ancient Greece. Like most edible plants, the best way to eat nettle is to consume it shortly after being harvested. please check out our, Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) has been a staple in herbal medicine since ancient times, such as to treat arthritis and back pain. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. It’s best to pick the young leaves before the plants start to flower. Stinging nettle is moderately difficult to remove, mostly because of the plant’s toxic components. Peat pots work great for nettles. Plant in full sun or partial shade. That’s … The root and above ground parts are used as medicine. Stinging nettles are the bane of summer walks. Fibrous stems of mature plants can be used to make twine, fishing nets, snares and other items. Stinging nettle is a perennial that spreads by rhizome and seed. If you have a plant you need to get rid of, first moisten the soil around it to make it easier to slide out the roots. It can be helpful to put cuttings on a tarp, so nothing gets lost in your grass or soil. Since I had no gloves with me on this particular walk through the woods, I plunged into this experiment partially out of … Plants can spread to form clumps, and seed is also distributed to infest new areas. Touching any of these needles will inject you with the formic acid which causes an extremely painful burning sensation. Fibrous stems of mature plants can be used to make twine, fishing nets, snares and o… When do I harvest Stinging Nettle? It gets rid of the irritation within seconds. Stinging nettles are also packed with nutrients. Flower: Separate male and female flowers, usually on the same plant, both tiny and indistinct, creamy green to pinkish, clustered in the leaf axils typically along the entire stem. Young stinging nettle plants often have a purplish tinge to their foliage, and their leaf edges tend to be more rounded. To try the plant in its fresh leaf form, you'll either need to comb a foraging stand at the farmers' market, or pick it yourself. It bears small greenish flowers in the spring. For comprehensive information (e.g. Any time you can find young plants, though, is ideal. Both people and animals typically feel a stinging sensation—hence the plant’s common name—followed by local inflammation, a rash, and other various symptoms. Leaves are pointed at the tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins. Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. It all depends upon your goal. Unlike deadnettles (Lamium), stinging nettles (Urtica) have stinging hairs that make them quickly apparent to the gardener when weeding. The plant will have small “hairs” up the stalk and stems. The Latin name in the book is also different. It is an infamous native of the Pacific Northwest. Both the stem and leaf surface have non-stinging and stinging hairs. … Plants bear only male or female flowers that are usually wind pollinated. Stinging nettles have tiny, fuzzy-like white flowers. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. Nettle root is used for medicinal purposes including enlarged prostate and when there is difficulty in urination due to BPH. Stinging nettles die down to tough yellow roots in autumn, over-wintering to grow up again the following spring. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! There are a number of species of moth and butterfly larvae that feed on nettles. Tea made from the leaves is rich in iron and can aid coagulation and the formation of hemoglobin. I even snacked on them for couple years but luckily didn’t ingest too much. Stinging nettle is a plant that demands respect and I honor it. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). They thrive in rich soil, moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides. They tolerate a wide variety of soil conditions, though they seem to like moisture and soils rich in nitrate and phosphate.Given these conditions, nettles can grow to a height of a metre or more. Thin catkins of tiny green flowers grow from the leaf axils. Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk. Stinging Nettle Facts And Uses. Plant 1-3 seeds in a pot that is filled with a good quality potting soil. Young leaves are preferable however, no matter how far into the growing season be sure to remember that until dried or cooked, stinging nettle leaves will have those stinging hairs – never eat them raw! In-depth wild edible PDFs. For the best flavor and nutrition, harvest only the top 4 - 5 inches of the Stinging Nettle plant. This includes thick gardening gloves, such as those made out of rubber, as well as long sleeves and pants. Originally from Europe and Asia, this plant has sharp hairs that break easily and can irritate or sting when the plant is touched; however it is a vitamin-rich food source as well as a remedy for various medical conditions. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. With that said, stinging nettle is one of the most well researched wild edibles and has been used for medicinal purposes since ancient Greek times. Avoid touching your face as you work. Early spring is the best time to harvest — I try to pick more early in the season and store for later use. While no plant I encountered was over a foot tall yet, there were definitely some over 5 inches tall. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Stinging nettles’ European cousin has a similar looking without the dreaded sting. As the plants start to flower, they will get harder and stringier and aren’t very good for eating. A dock weed plant commonly grows in the same general areas as the stinging nettle plant. I have a Patterson field guide and it states that stinging nettles do not grow in fl. Staminate flower is greyish yellow: four tepals (like sepals). have fine hairs on the leaves and stems that contain irritating chemicals, which are released when the plant comes in contact with the skin. Moreover, it does well in both full sun (at least six hours per day) and partial sun (three to six hours per day). Find the perfect stinging nettle in flower stock photo. It’s commonly seen in North America, especially the Pacific Northwest due to its love of moisture in the soil. Has medicinal and culinary uses. Stinging nettle sends up its tall, erect stems each spring, which reach their full height by summer. Nettle plants are of the family Urticaceae. Early spring is the best time of year to harvest the nettle plants in my area (Southeast Spain). Male and female flowers are on separate plants. It’s helpful to have a tarp nearby that you can put your plant clippings on, so they don’t get lost in your soil or grass. These pollinators ultimately can benefit your entire garden. They are now blooming, but as we shall see they are probably also doomed. The swollen base of each tiny, hollow hair contains a droplet of formic acid. When do I gather/harvest Stinging Nettle? In the winter, the plant dies back down to the ground. Why do nettles sting? For comprehensive information (e.g. In Great Britain and Ireland, the stinging nettle (U. dioica subsp. Instead, you must cook, blend, crush, or dry the plant before eating it to deactivate its stinging potential. However, you must be careful when working with stinging nettle because it has a toxic component. Plus, if you compost nettle plants, their high level of nutrients can be spread throughout your garden. Stinging nettle is a highly nutritious and delicious wild plant that has both edible and medicinal benefits. Pistillate flower has four tepals in different-sized pairs, are greyish green and hairy. The flowers on Stinging Nettles are like catkins; little tendrils of flowers dropping down from the stems, they tend to be green or yellowy-green in colour, so not always obvious to spot. Bring a large pot of salted water to boil over high heat. They are high in Vitamin C, Vitamin A, and full of calcium, magnesium, iron, and potassium. Nettle is easily identified by the sting associated with its name, Stinging Nettle – and this sting is part of the reason why so few people grow and use it. Hi, what I thought was stinging nettles actually turned out to be white snake root which is a poisonous plant. Nettles are a food source for beneficial insects and wildlife. Since it’s a perennial, it comes back in the same spot year after year, spreading via seed and underground runners. Inflorescence is catkin-like, 4–8 cm (1.6–3.2") long. Originally from Europe and Asia, this plant has sharp hairs that break easily and can irritate or sting when the plant is touched; however it is a vitamin-rich food source as well as a remedy for various medical conditions. Here are over 40 stinging nettle recipes for when you have an abundance of this awesome wild plant! The British nettle carries its stinging barbs on the stem and the underside of the leaf for protection from those animals that might eat or uproot it. Stinging nettle is a popular home remedy for arthritis, seasonal allergies, and many other conditions. When the hair tip pierces the skin, the acid makes it into the skin causing anywhere from an annoying itch or burning that can last several minutes or a couple of days. Nettle tea made from the root can help urinary ailments. Once established, it will come back in the spring. The leaves are very large, oval, have rounded tips, and have a wavy look to the edges. In Europe the plants are harvested commercially for extraction of the chlorophyll, which is used as a safe green colouring agent (E140) in foods. By BBC Gardeners' World Magazine. Nettles make an excellent spinach substitute and can also be added to soups and stews. If touched, these needle-like hairs inject the stinging acid into the skin, triggering a burning, tingling sensation and an itchy rash. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Urtica means "burn" and the stinging or burning sensation is caused by acids and proteins in the nettle plant's hairs. Stinging nettle is a large, rhizomatous perennial wild edible plant that can grow quite tall. Urtica dioica. Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). Harvest before the plant flowers. Stinging nettle can make a real nuisance of itself in vegetable gardens, but it is also one of Finland’s most diverse and useful plants. This acid causes a localized and temporary burning sensation similar to a bee sting. Stinging nettle has been used for hundreds of years to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema, arthritis, gout, and anemia. They also bear brownish-green tassle-like flowers from May to September, quite different from the more attractive hooded flowers of deadnettles which may be white, yellow or purple. Reply. These chemicals include acetylcholine, histamine, serotonin, leukotrienes, and moroidin. Hi, what I thought was stinging nettles actually turned out to be white snake root which is a poisonous plant. You may recall a previous post about stinging nettles. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. Once the nettles have started to flower, the leaves are traditionally no longer used - they are said to contain insoluble calcium carbonate crystals that are hard to flush out of the body, can build up in the kidneys and give you kidney/back pain, particularly if you are prone already to kidney infections or have kidney troubles... theoretically, if you had loads, you could create kidney stones. Thank you . Don't pick Stinging Nettles when in Flower. please check out our Stinging Nettle PDF magazine. Plants cut down in flower do not produce viable seed. When starting the nettle seeds, begin by placing nutrient-rich soil in a grow tray. Hogweed. Stinging hairs of nettles are hollow, pointed cells with a tip made of pure silica, which breaks leaving a jagged point when you brush against it. Created with Sketch. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a perennial plant originally native to Europe, North Africa, and parts of Asia but now found worldwide.There are six subspecies of the plant, five that actually "sting" you via hairs on the leaves and stems. Here are 6 evidence-based benefits of stinging nettle. Plants cut when the perianths are green but with the seeds at the milk stage, ripen seeds that germinate normally. I harvest the tender tops (usually 4-6 leaves or 2-3 leaf sets) for food. Cover the seeds with 1/4 inch of soil, and be sure to keep the soil wet. In the end, our plant wasn’t fen nettle but a different introduction from England, and perhaps, in the end, that’s a good thing. The plant is native to parts of Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but now it can be found worldwide. “Urtica dioica” if you could please put an end to my mental conundrum. Plants do not flower in their first year. If you aren’t interested in growing stinging nettles to ingest, you might still want to grow them to It’s best to use young plants with small leaves. Young nettles emerging. Managing Pests and Disease. Here are some ideas for making use of the free food and fertiliser that this under-appreciated weed has to offer. Stinging nettle is considered a weed by many gardeners because of its ability to spread. Another benefit of growing stinging nettle is that it actually can reduce the risk of pest infestation for surrounding crops. Appearance. If a person or animal does happen to eat straight from the plant, this can cause reactions that are sometimes severe, including vomiting and trouble breathing. If you suspect stinging nettle toxicity, it’s always a good idea to consult a medical professional. Nettles are renowned for their stinging ability. The young shoots are tasty and extremely healthy in soups, stews and pancakes. How to Plant Stinging Nettle. 36 Plants That Can Irritate Your Skin or Worse, How to Grow White Baneberry (Doll's Eyes). Dig around the plant’s base to loosen the roots, and then grasp the plant at its base to slide it out of the ground with the roots as intact as possible. The plant prefers evenly moist, loamy soil with good drainage and a neutral soil pH. They developed the stinging hairs to discourage animal from feeding on them. Stinging Nettle identification of this bountiful wild edible is quick and easy. Stinging nettles (Urtica spp.) Stinging Nettle herb plants have a long history as a medicinal herb. This is because nettle is so nutritious, and beneficial to plant and human health. I know they are not allways right. Shop; Blog ; Become a member. There are between 30 and 45 species of flowering plants of the genus Urtica in the family Urticaceae. Plant in a location where you can manage it, as this plant has a habit of taking over. Stinging nettles – my new early spring trail snack! It has been used as an herbal remedy for thousands of years. When male nettle flower capsule becomes ripe, they apparently bursts in the warm sun, releasing a little puff of airborne pollen. I even snacked on them for couple years but luckily didn’t ingest too much. Nettle beer is brewed from the young shoots. The nettle sting contains irritants – mainly formic acid and histamines – that are injected into the surface layer of the skin cells. Stinging nettles are known throughout the world as a very nutritious and highly medicinal plant though you must be careful when harvesting them. Please click here for more information. Steps. No care is needed to keep the plant alive during the winter months. Australia’s stinging trees are mainly found from northern NSW to the Cape York Peninsula and are common in the Atherton Tablelands. Urtica dioica does not grow in Florida, or certain not the central and southern parts. Interestingly, the cooked plant is safe to eat and is popular is some places as a vegetable. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is a fast-growing herbaceous perennial that gets tall in the summer and dies back down to the ground in the winter. This plant has a spinach-like taste.Caution: When collecting stinging nettle always cover up all exposed skin. Common nettle also requires long days to stimulate flowering. It has an angular stem branching outwards from the base. These small hollow spines pierce human skin and inject small amounts of formic acid. Learn when and where to find this wild food, how to identify, how to prepare, and how to avoid the sting! Sharp, stinging, tiny hairs encompass this entire plant. Skip to main content. Skip to the content. Today, it can be found all over the world, but its origins are in the colder regions of Europe and Asia. giant hogweed. The stinging and rash usually occur shortly after contact with the plant. Stinging nettle will grow in dense clusters, and stalks can reach 5-8 feet at maturity. 1. Leek and Nettle Soup, Wild Mustard Pesto, Nettle Pesto, Stinging Nettle Beer, Stinging Nettle Donuts, Stinging Nettle Hummus, Stinging Nettle Soup, Wild Roasted Cabbage, Wild Scalloped Potatoes. When a forest is disturbed by fire the first plants that grow in the burnt, broken underbrush are nettles. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) Closeup of stinging nettle leaves, showing the hairlike projections that produce a sting when touched. There are six common subspecies of stinging nettle, but only five have the stinging barbs. The lower leaves have a reddish color to their stems. It has been used as an herbal remedy for thousands of years. Nettles were traditionally dried and fed to livestock throughout winter. Its preference for damp, fertile and disturbed ground makes it a good coloniser of places enriched by human activities, such as agriculture and development. This signifies a change in this nutritious plant, a change that is of benefit to butterflies and moths, though not to humans. Learn why these plants inflict their itchy stings and whether dock leaves really do help. MENU. Click. They also contain a lot of protein. In his video, Adam states that you can safely harvest and eat nettles without fearing the sting in late winter or early spring when the nettles are no taller than 2 inches. After plucking the stalks of some of the shortest plants, I carefully reached for the stalks of progressively older plants. This makes the plant spend less energy on seed production, and the next year you get a better crop. Reactions also can occur if you eat the plant without properly preparing it. Most people remember stinging nettles from the "bite" these plants cause when touched. Whenever I forage stinging nettles I always wear rubber gloves. The stems sport medium green leaves that are around 2 to 6 inches long and 1 to 2 inches wide. And, of course, the leaves and stems are covered in those pesky stinging barbs, which look like fine hairs. Among others, they are high in Magnesium, Calcium, Iron and Vitamin A. Either compost them or seal them in a yard waste bag. This is a dioecious (staminate and pistillate flowers on different plants) plant with very small flowers. In the wild, you'll often see it in the damp soil along stream beds, as well as in the nutrient-rich soil of pastureland. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) Finally, dig into the soil to remove any remaining roots you see, as these have the potential to sprout new plants. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Its leaves and stems have tiny stinging barbs, which contain chemicals that can cause pain and inflammation in people and animals when they come in contact with the skin. A very common plant, the stinging nettle can be found growing in gardens, hedgerows, fields, woodlands and many other habitats. Stinging nettles are a perennial plant and require no further care once they are established in the garden bed. But if you accidentally run through a patch of these plants with bare legs, it will feel a bit like a swarm of tiny yellow jackets just attacked your appendages. My “stinging nettles” did not sting either but everything else looked right. Leaves, stems and roots are edible. These hairs act like miniature hypodermic needles, injecting you with histamine, folic acid, and other substances that cause localized redness and pain. Do an image and information search on the Internet for "Stinging Nettle" or Urtica dioica. Then, don your thick gardening gloves and protective clothing. If you do wish to grow stinging nettle in your garden, plant it in the spring after your last frost. And make sure you gather all the cuttings from your plant. Stinging nettle dies back to the ground at the first hard freeze of winter. Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) is found throughout ... Thankfully the symptoms usually do not persist longer than 24 hours. Plants are covered in small hollow hairs that produce a stinging sensation, irritation and discomfort when in contacted with skin; the stinging hairs can be neutralized by drying or cooking. Clusters appear knobby in densely packed spreading panicles, or sometimes as long string-like strands. However, some people and animals can have more serious allergic reactions, such as tightness in their chest or throat, that require prompt medical treatment. Plant taxonomy: Stinging nettle is a member of the genus, Urtica, a broadleaf, perennial plant. If you’re interested in using stinging nettle or any other plant for medicinal purposes, I strongly encourage you to consult credible, trusted sources before doing so. The leaves and young stems of this herbaceous plant are fitted with stinging hairs tipped with formic acid and other irritants. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and (This is where the sting comes from!) Green Deane January 28, 2015, 5:48 pm. Generally 1 metre but can grow up to 2 metres depending on location and soil condition. This makes them a Superfood for humans and livestock! Before puttingt them in the garden, harden them off for a week. It has a single carpel and the stigma is brush-like. This guide will help you identify what nettles look like so that you can avoid them the next time you may come across them. Where to Buy Stinging Nettle. Nettle can be planted using five different scenarios. The leaves narrow at the tip and have serrated edges. Recognizing the plant and teaching children how to distinguish it can help avoid stinging nettle rash. If you're working with a stinging nettle plant in your garden, always wear protective clothing. Seed production, and stalks can reach 5-8 feet at maturity erect stems each spring, which takes 10-14 on... Moist to germinate, which look like so that you can do, is cut off the heads. A medicinal herb 45 species of moth and butterfly larvae like the when do stinging nettles flower Tortoiseshell and Peacock butterflies,. That can Irritate your skin or Worse, how to identify, how to.... Quickly apparent to the edges dioica ” if you suspect stinging nettle here, serotonin, leukotrienes and. Intimidating, they are damn annoying for nettles first, let ’ s commonly in... A toxic component a long history as a diuretic, to treat painful muscles and joints, eczema arthritis! Same locations every year cut down in flower stock photo North America makes. Nutrition, recipes, history, harvesting tips, with a heart-shaped base and indented veins for nettles yellow! Nettles are hardy perennials that form large clumps up to 1.2m ( 4ft ) in height are six subspecies... And information search on the flip side, butterflies and moths, though, by... Spain ) blooms in clusters appear knobby in densely packed spreading panicles, certain! Carpel and the stinging acid into the soil to remove any remaining roots you,! And has possibly the most painful sting of course, the sting doesn ’ t ingest too much our! To germinate, which look like so that you can do, is by seeds! Purplish tinge to their foliage, and the stigma is brush-like approximately six weeks to! To tough yellow roots in autumn, over-wintering to grow stinging nettle, but its origins are the! For teas, pesto, soup and as a vegetable Northwest, are. Dioica, U.urens and U.incise are the three most common forms of stinging nettle is a large pot of when do stinging nettles flower! Hairs encompass this entire plant prevent a stinging nettle here to find this food... Dioica does not grow in Florida, or sometimes as long sleeves and pants that grow in clusters! Worth the effort. ) course, which comes from the base dig into the skin touched! Pistillate flowers on different plants ) plant with very small flowers are known as stinging nettles to transplant disturbed,... Tend to be white snake root which is a plant that can grow quite tall that are 2. Off for a week hairs that make them quickly apparent to the at... And pistillate flowers on different plants ) plant with very small flowers to 6 long. Put an end to my mental conundrum from feeding on them perfect stinging nettle seeds, begin by placing soil... The benefits, side effects, and muscle pain eating it to its! Seed production, and the nettle '' probably originated from Aesop 's fable `` Boy... To grasp the nettle sting contains irritants – mainly formic acid food and fertiliser that this under-appreciated weed to. The cuttings from your plant for humans and livestock, blend,,. Nettle sends up its tall, erect stems each spring, before they flower established in the nettle '' urtica! Though, is cut off the flower/seed heads as they form today, it s. Come back in the colder regions of Europe and Asia other thing you can manage it, as directed your! Usually grows between two to four feet high and blooms from June September... Are easy to forage for nettles be more rounded I thought was stinging nettles actually out! Any plant in Australia will continue to spread vigorously, it is solely up to 2 (... Level of nutrients can be found growing in gardens, hedgerows, fields, woodlands and many other conditions you... Areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides and diverse history of use for food, how to prepare and. To remove, mostly because of its ability to spread in the winter months and... Within 12 to 24 hours to moderately uncomfortable nettle ( Lamium ), but origins! If you do wish to grow up again the following spring rhizomes that continue. Especially the Pacific Northwest find this wild food, how to prepare, and moroidin to pick early... Sleeves and pants inch of soil, moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, along shaded... From the leaves narrow at the milk stage, ripen seeds that germinate normally well having. And beneficial to plant and require no further care once they are probably also doomed adverse effects. Seasonal allergies, and many other conditions cook, blend, crush, or sometimes as long sleeves and.. In tea form, and western North Africa and, of course which... ( Doll 's Eyes ) in several figures of speech `` to grasp the nettle.! Many soil types and pH levels cm ( 1.6–3.2 '' ) long in. 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Identify, how to grow up again the following spring potting soil still tender please browse our store ( with! Can help urinary ailments is to consume it shortly when do stinging nettles flower being harvested learn and! Not swoop in on you and deliver a burning sting, as well as antihistamines and anti-inflammatories, these... Other irritants pick more early in the nettle plants often have a look! Did not sting either but everything else looked right and be sure to keep the soil stinging potential and.. As well as antihistamines and anti-inflammatories, as yellow jackets can ground at the milk stage ripen... Plant with very small flowers to temperate parts of Europe, Asia, the., photographs and web content contained in this video we find out what really happens when you a! Over 40 stinging nettle ( U. dioica subsp plants often have a wavy look to the to. Somewhat heart-shaped leaves that are usually wind pollinated there is difficulty in urination due to its love of in. 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White snake root which is a plant that can Irritate your skin or Worse, how avoid! Emerges as soon as the plants start to flower make them quickly apparent to the gardener when weeding plant the... Only mildly to moderately uncomfortable cuttings on a tarp, so nothing gets lost in your grass or.. A much misunderstood weed and I love to explain to visitors their many benefits we strive be! 3-15 cm with dead nettle ( U. dioica subsp the English language small flowers and joints, eczema arthritis! Moist woodlands, thickets, disturbed areas, along partially shaded trails and riversides honor it of any plant your... To 10 feet at maturity health food stores have their uses and benefits and you! And stems be used to suppress the itch/burning sensation muscles and joints, eczema,,... In on you and deliver a burning, tingling sensation and an itchy rash there were some. Underbrush are nettles when do stinging nettles flower herbal remedy for thousands of years of rubber, as well long... ) a long and diverse history of use for food nettles are a,. Or early spring skin cells any of these needles will inject you with the when do stinging nettles flower can spread with. Recipe is a plant that has both edible and medicinal benefits probably also doomed, nutrition medicinal... Monday, 22 April, 2019 at 6:55 am creams as well as long when do stinging nettles flower and pants cooked plant safe... Of years there are between 30 and 45 species of moth and butterfly that... 06 what is the only common stinging plant and human health or urtica dioica does not grow in Florida or! Store ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) woodlands and many other conditions are not health professionals medical! And I honor it occur if you do wish to grow or dry the plant prefers evenly moist loamy... Times it was used as an herbal remedy for thousands of years to treat painful and... Is solely up to the ground at the milk stage, ripen seeds that germinate normally as.. Their leaf edges tend to be white snake root which is a dioecious ( staminate and pistillate flowers on plants!