Print infocard Open Substance Regulatory Obligations. Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Urtica dioica, Urticaceae. This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.  After the stinging nettle enters its flowering and seed-setting stages, the leaves develop gritty particles called cystoliths, which can irritate the urinary tract. An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. Common nettle is the best to harvest seeds from but they have separate female and male plants. Young plants will have smaller, heart-shaped leaves with a purple-ish hue, while the mature plants have longer, pointed leaves that appear very green. , Urtica dioica produces its inflammatory effect on skin (stinging, burning sensation often called "contact urticaria") both by impaling the skin via spicules – causing mechanical irritation – and by biochemical irritants, such as histamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine, among other chemicals. This information has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Note: Urtica dioica subsp. They have no stings and white flowers. The common nettle also has a sub species called ‘fen’ or ‘stingless nettle’ (Urtica dioica subsp. , Fresh leaves contain approximately 82.4% water, 17.6% dry matter, 5.5% protein, 0.7 to 3.3% fat, and 7.1% carbohydrates. Name Search . Photography: A. Leaves are about 2-5 inches long with jagged edges, found in opposing pairs along the upper half of the stalk.  Dock leaves, which often grow in similar habitats, are regarded as a folk remedy to counteract the sting of a nettle, although there is no evidence of any chemical effect. Abstract. The figure of speech "to grasp the nettle" probably originated from Aesop's fable "The Boy and the Nettle". The dwarf nettle has much smaller, darker leaves arranged in a distinct compact stepping way.  In Seán O'Casey's Juno and the Paycock, one of the characters quotes Aesop "Gently touch a nettle and it'll sting you for your pains/Grasp it as a lad of mettle and soft as silk remains". Its global range includes all of Europe and Asia, and it is naturalised elsewhere in the world. There are also Dead Nettles which look very similar but aren’t actually nettles they are in a totally different family – the mints (Lamiaceae). dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. Urtica dioica L. commonly known as Stinging Nettle is an herbaceous perennial plant that grows in temperate and tropical wasteland areas around the world (Krystofova et al., 2010). The European subspecies has been introduced into Australia, North America and South America.. The cist dated from between 1730 and 1600 BC. dioica dioecious, native to Eurasia; naturalized in North America; report from California in FNANM based on an unconfirmed collection. Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Rosales - Family: Urticceae. CAS number: 84012-40-8. In French, the idiom faut pas pousser mémé dans les orties (don't push grandma in the nettles) means that we should be careful not to abuse a situation. , Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börek. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. Weeds are flowers too, once you get to know them. Watsonian Vice Counties - 12 mile buffer Ordnance Survey Grids - 10km Countries with sea areas Minimum elevation (in metres) Sensitive Grid size (m) Spatial validity Location ID. Standard deviations are given in brackets. Other deadnettles have pink or yellow versions. Formerly, more species were recognised than are now accepted. 1,528 results for SPECIES: Urtica dioica Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use.  Feeding as little as 6.25 g dry nettle per kg feed is as effective as the synthetic pigments to colour the egg yolk. Once the nettles have started to flower, the leaves are traditionally no longer used – they are said to contain insoluble calcium carbonate crystals that are hard to flush out of the body, can build up in the kidneys and give you kidney/back pain, particularly if you are prone already to kidney infections or have kidney troubles… theoretically, if you had loads, you could create kidney stones. Nettles contain nitrogenous compounds, so are used as a compost activator or can be used to make a liquid fertilizer, which although low in phosphate, is useful in supplying magnesium, sulphur, and iron. The taxonomy of Urtica species has been confused, and older sources are likely to use a variety of systematic names for these plants. Nettle was believed to be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation. Röhricht-Brennnessel Die Röhricht-Brennnessel Urtica kioviensis Rogow. It is also eaten by the larvae of some moths including angle shades, buff ermine, dot moth, the flame, the gothic, grey chi, grey pug, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, mouse moth, setaceous Hebrew character, and small angle shades. Once brown and dry, the seeds are of no use. NBN Atlas Scotland. In laying hens, nettle can be used as an egg yolk colorant instead of artificial pigments or other natural pigments (derived from marigold for yellow).  The idea was mentioned by William Camden in his book Britannia of 1586. , Nettles have a number of other uses in the vegetable garden, including the potential for encouraging beneficial insects. dioica. It is possible that the sash was traded from mainland Europe, but perhaps more probable that it was locally made. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage Identification verification status. Die Brennnesseln (Urtica) bilden eine Pflanzengattung in der Familie der Brennnesselgewächse (Urticaceae). Nettle leaves are best gathered at two times in the year, when they are still fresh, green and tasty looking and before they have flowered: This is in spring and in autumn (IF they have been cut back, there will be a ‘second flush’ of fresh leaves).Pick the top few leaves, leaving the lower down ones alone. BECOME A CONSULTANT to create a brighter future for your family – and for the planet. We recommend that you consult with a qualified health care practitioner before using herbal products or foraged items, particularly if you are pregnant, nursing or on any medications. The stinging nettle is the Red Admiral caterpillar's primary host plant and can attract migrating Red Admiral butterflies to a garden. Urtica dioica agglutinin: Separation, identification, and quantitation of individual isolectins by capillary electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresisâ mass spectrometry With benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) being a major health problem in ageing men, alternative therapeutic approaches (e.g., with phytopharmaceuticals) are of great interest. The competition dates back to 1986, when two neighbouring farmers attempted to settle a dispute about which had the worst infestation of nettles. They are an absolutely fantastic super-food, super-medicine,abundant, native in UK and they’re free! Since nettles prefer to grow in phosphorus-rich and nitrogen rich soils that have recently been disturbed (and thus aerated), the growth of nettles is an indicator that an area has high fertility (especially phosphate and nitrate), and thus is an indicator to gardeners as to the quality of the soil.  There is a common idea in Great Britain that the nettle was introduced by the Romans. Last updated: 11/03/2020. Description. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides. Urtica dioica, ext. The flowers have four stamens and yellow anthers. One Filthy Secretly Dirty Thing You Can Do This Weekend!! Über ihr kräftiges Rhizom bildet sie Ausläufer und kann so zu großen Horsten heranwuchern. , Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles.  Human and animal waste may be responsible for elevated levels of phosphate and nitrogen in the soil, providing an ideal environment for nettles. , Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles, however if the nettles are wilted or dry, voluntary intake can be high.  For exact fatty acid contents see Table 1. Heiko Bellmann: Der Neue Kosmos Schmetterlingsführer, Schmetterlinge, Raupen und Futterpflanzen, pg. Occurrence. galeopsifolia) so if you ever find a plant you are convinced is nettle but doesn’t sting – it could be that one. Stinging nettle is particularly found as an understory plant in wetter environments, but it is also found in meadows. Due to the variable fibre content, the fibre yields vary between 0.2 and 7 dt / ha, but the yields are normally in the range between 2 and 4 dt / ha. In Deutschland nahezu überall anzutreffen sind die Große Brennnessel und die Kleine Brennnessel sowie seltener die Röhricht-Brennnessel und die Pillen-Brennnessel. It spreads by abundant seeds and also by rhizomes, and is often able to survive and re-establish quickly after fire. The presence of nettles may indicate the site of a long-abandoned building, and can also indicate soil fertility. Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica Identification needs confirmation as the submitted data is different than where this record is place in the Atlas: 11/17/2009 - RCFS (Andy Nelson) Otsego: 1997: SUCO Herbarium Name Used: Urtica dioica ssp. *** Reading this website denotes your understanding and agreement to our full disclaimer.  The species is divided into six subspecies, five of which have many hollow stinging hairs called trichomes on the leaves and stems, which act like hypodermic needles, injecting histamine and other chemicals that produce a stinging sensation upon contact ("contact urticaria", a form of contact dermatitis). Lockton (r) Distribution . gracilis) is native, while the other (U. dioica ssp. It belongs to Urticaceae family in the order of Rosales that contains about 60 genera and more than 700 species. , Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious). In 2010 see, species of flowering plant in wetter environments, but it is found. Native in UK and they ’ RE free 127 Urtica dioica Some of the plant, see, of...: Equisetopsida - order: Rosales - family: Urticceae, darker leaves arranged in a whorl the. [ 3 ] it is possible that the nettle '' probably originated from Aesop 's fable `` the and! 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